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Care of the plant Crithmum maritimum or Rock samphire.

Care of the plant Crithmum maritimum or Rock samphire

The genus Crithmum, family Apiaceae, includes a single species of perennial herbaceous plant native to southern Europe: Crithmum maritimum.

Common names: Rock samphire, Crest marine, Marine fennel, Sea fennel.

They are herbaceous plants with a shrubby habit that reach 40 cm in height. The leaves are narrow, fleshy and pale green in color. The flowers are small, white or greenish-yellow in color and appear in umbels. They bloom in summer.

They are used in rockery, on sandy slopes, in low-maintenance gardens and in orchards. These medicinal plants have antiscorbutic, cleansing, digestive and diuretic properties. They are added to pickles or olives.

Crithmum maritimum needs full sun exposure. They resist the heat of the Mediterranean summer and frost down to -15 ºC.

They prefer sandy or stony soils (even poor ones); they can root even between rocks and calcareous soils.

They are low maintenance plants that do not need watering. They survive on the low rainfall in the Mediterranean region.

They do not need fertilizers or pruning.

They are resistant plants to the usual pests and diseases.

They propagate by seeds sown in spring directly in their final location.

Images of the plant Crithmum maritimum or Rock samphire

Crithmum maritimum
Crithmum maritimum
Crithmum maritimum
Crithmum maritimum
 

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