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Care of the plant Parthenocissus quinquefolia or Virginia creeper.

Care of the plant Parthenocissus quinquefolia or Virginia creeper

The genus Parthenocissus, family Vitaceae, comprises 12 species of climbing shrubs native to North America and eastern Asia. Some species are: Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Parthenocissus inserta, Parthenocissus tricuspidata, Parthenocissus semicordata, Parthenocissus henryana, Parthenocissus himalayana.

Common names: Virginia creeper, Victoria creeper, Five-leaved ivy. This species is native to North America.

They are deciduous climbing shrubs with cylindrical branches and tendrils like suckers that reach 15 meters in height. They have leaves with 5 dark green petioled leaflets that turn a beautiful red color in autumn. The flowers are small and greenish yellow; they bloom in late spring and early summer. They produce bluish-black fruits.

These fast-growing plants are used to cover facades, walls and pergolas; they have tendrils that do not damage the walls. They are ideal for areas of the garden facing north or east.

The Parthenocissus quinquefolia can grow in sun, semi-shade and shade exposures. They resist frost down to -15 ºC.

They prefer a soil that contains organic matter and is deep and slightly moist. Transplanting or planting is done between autumn and the following spring.

Water regularly so that the substrate is always slightly damp; wait until the substrate has almost dried.

Fertilize in winter with compost or manure and in spring with mineral fertilizer.

Prune only so that the plant produces more branches and to control its growth on facades.

They can be attacked by fungi (excessive moisture), mealybugs, mites and caterpillars.

They are propagated by tender cuttings in late summer or by woody cuttings in early spring.

Images of the plant Parthenocissus quinquefolia or Virginia creeper

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Parthenocissus henryana
Parthenocissus henryana
 

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