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Care of the plant Opuntia rufida or Blind Prickly Pear.

Care of the plant Opuntia rufida or Blind Prickly Pear

The genus Opuntia, family Cactaceae, includes some 300 species of cacti originating in Mexico, the USA and Central and South America. Some species are: Opuntia rufida, Opuntia robusta, Opuntia polyacantha, Opuntia microdasys, Opuntia linguiformis, Opuntia leucotricha, Opuntia engelmannii, Opuntia bergeriana, Opuntia santa-rita, Opuntia ficus-indica, Opuntia durangensis, Opuntia subulata, Opuntia atrispina, Opuntia auberi, Opuntia vestita, Opuntia spinulifera.

Common names: Blind Prickly Pear, Cactus red bunny ears, Cinnamon bunny ears, Cinnamon pear, Clock face cactus, Cow blinder, Blind Pricklypear. Scientific synonyms: Opuntia herfeldtii, Opuntia lubrica. This species is native to northern Mexico and Texas.

They are highly branched, shrubby cacti that can reach 1.5 meters in height. The segments are greenish-gray in color, circular in shape and velvety in texture. They have numerous round areolas, without spines, arranged diagonally and with reddish glochids. The flowers are orange or yellow and measure 5 cm. They bloom in summer. They produce red fruits.

They are used to form groups and barriers in dry areas of the garden, as isolated specimens, in rockery and in pots.

Opuntia rufida needs full sun exposure and high temperatures. The winter safety temperature is 5 ºC.

The soil can be a mixture, in the same proportions, of leaf mulch and coarse sand. Transplant in spring if the roots show below the container.

They resist drought very well; water moderately in spring and summer waiting for the substrate to be dry. Reduce watering in fall and do not water in winter.

Fertilize with mineral cactus fertilizer once in spring and once in summer.

They do not need pruning.

They are very resistant to diseases and drought but not to excess water.

They are easily propagated from segment cuttings rooted in slightly damp sandy substrate.

Images of the plant Opuntia rufida or Blind Prickly Pear

Opuntia rufida
Opuntia rufida
 

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