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Care of the plant Ficus cyathistipula or African fig tree.

Care of the plant Ficus cyathistipula or African fig tree

The genus Ficus, family Moraceae, includes 900 species of trees, shrubs, and climbing plants. Some species are: Ficus cyathistipula, Ficus ingens, Ficus deltoidea, Ficus carica, Ficus binnendijkii, Ficus elastica, Ficus salicaria, Ficus benjamina, Ficus lyrata, Ficus radicans, Ficus pumila, Ficus retusa, Ficus rubiginosa.

Common name: African fig tree. This species is native to the tropical forest regions of Africa.

They are evergreen trees that reach 10 meters in height. The leaves are leathery, elongated (up to 20 cm in length) and glossy green. The flowers are tiny. They produce small fruits similar to figs.

They are commonly used as indoor and greenhouse plants. In frost-free regions they are used as isolated specimens and in small groups.

The Ficus cyathistipula needs a well-lit exposition but without direct sun in the central hours of the day; the east or southeast orientation is ideal. They do not resist frost.

If grown in a pot, the soil can be a commercial substrate for indoor plants with 15% coarse sand. If it is grown in the garden, use a normal garden soil with coarse sand and abundant organic matter. The transplant is done in spring if the roots appear below the pot.

Water regularly so that the substrate never dries out completely; in summer water twice a week. Reduce watering in winter (water every 12-15 days).

Fertilize every 15 days in spring and summer with mineral fertilizer for indoor plants.

They do not need pruning.

They are quite resistant plants to the usual pests and diseases.

They are propagated by air layering in spring and by semi-woody cuttings in fall or spring.

Images of the plant Ficus cyathistipula or African fig tree

Ficus cyathistipula
Ficus cyathistipula
Ficus cyathistipula
Ficus cyathistipula
 

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