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Care of the plant Ceratonia siliqua or Carob.

Care of the plant Ceratonia siliqua or Carob

The genus Ceratonia, family Fabaceae, includes 2 species of trees native to the Mediterranean region, Arabia and Somalia. The species are: Ceratonia siliqua and Ceratonia oreothauma.

Common names: Locust bean, St. John's bread and Carob. This species is native to the Mediterranean region and the Middle East.

They are evergreen trees with a wide crown that reach 15 meters in height. The leaves are alternate, leathery and of an intense green color on the upper part and glaucous on the underside. The flowers are greenish and not very decorative; the fruits are large pods.

Ceratonia siliqua prefers full sun exposure and temperatures above 10ºC. They do not resist frost.

They can grow in any type of well-drained soil, be it poor, sandy or stony.

They do not need pruning, except to shape the crown (it's done in winter).

Fertilize with compost in the fall and with mineral fertilizer in the spring.

Young specimens (3-5 meters tall) are watered with a bucket of water a week; the largest specimens need two buckets of water.

Images of the plant Ceratonia siliqua or Carob

Ceratonia siliqua
Ceratonia siliqua
Ceratonia siliqua
Ceratonia siliqua
Ceratonia siliqua
 

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