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Care of the plant Aloysia citriodora or Lemon verbena.

Care of the plant Aloysia citriodora or Lemon verbena

The Aloysia genus, Verbenaceae family, comprises 30 species of aromatic shrubs native to subtropical regions of the American continent. Some species are: Aloysia citriodora, Aloysia virgata, Aloysia polystachya, Aloysia gratissima.

Common names: Lemon verbena, Lemon beebrush. This species is native to South America.

They are deciduous shrubs that reach 2 meters in height. The aromatic leaves smell of lemon, have a lanceolate shape and are light green in color. They produce small, fragrant flowers (white, pink, or purplish) in branched bouquets. They bloom in summer and early fall.

They are used as isolated specimens or in small groups in the garden and in flowerpots for terraces, patios and balconies. Due to its medicinal digestive properties, its leaves are used to prepare infusions to regulate menstrual flow and antioxidants and, once dry, as a condiment for sauces.

Aloysia citriodora needs exposure to full sun or semi-shade and high temperatures; temperatures below 3 ºC are not suitable.

The best soil is a well drained normal garden substrate with coarse sand. Planting in its final place or pot transplant is done in spring.

Irrigation should be abundant so that the soil is always somewhat moist but never puddled. In winter we will wait for the surface of the earth to dry before watering again.

Fertilize with manure or organic fertilizer before planting and every fall.

They do not need pruning but can be trimmed to control their growth.

They are quite resistant to pests and diseases but they fear drought because they lose their leaves (in summer) if they do not have the necessary humidity.

They propagate by cuttings in summer.

Images of the plant Aloysia citriodora or Lemon verbena

Aloysia citriodora
Aloysia citriodora
Aloysia citriodora
Aloysia citriodora
 

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