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Care of the plant Ulmus minor or Field elm.

Care of the plant Ulmus minor or Field elm

The genus Ulmus, family Ulmaceae, includes about 40 species of trees native to the Northern Hemisphere. Some species are: Ulmus minor, Ulmus americana, Ulmus procera, Ulmus pumila, Ulmus glabra, Ulmus carpinifolia.

Common names: Field elm, Smoothleaf Elm. This species is native to Europe, the Mediterranean region and the Middle East.

They are large deciduous trees with a rounded and elegant crown that reach 30-40 meters in height. The leaves are oval, have a rough texture and a serrated margin, and are of a deep green color; There are varieties of reddish, yellowish and mottled leaves. The flowers are small, reddish, and are not decorative. The fruits are samara-shaped and can be decorative.

They are used in large gardens, in public parks and in rows on streets. There are small varieties for medium gardens.

Ulmus minor grows in full sun and semi-shade exposures and in temperate climates. They resist not very intense frosts.

They prefer a deep soil, slightly clayey and containing abundant organic matter. The planting is done in autumn or spring.

Water regularly so that the substrate is always slightly damp; increase watering in summer. They do not resist drought.

Fertilize with manure in autumn; fertilize young plants with mineral fertilizer every 60 days in spring and summer.

They do not need pruning.

They can be attacked by powdery mildew, dry out due to prolonged drought and suffer the "elm plague" that usually kills the plant.

They are propagated by grafting on the Ulmus pumila species.

Images of the plant Ulmus minor or Field elm

Ulmus minor
Ulmus minor
Ulmus minor
 

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