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Care of the plant Salvia officinalis or Sage.

Care of the plant Salvia officinalis or Sage

The genus Salvia, family Lamiaceae, comprises 1,000 species of shrubs and herbaceous plants native to Asia, Africa, the Mediterranean region, and Central and South America. Some species are: Salvia officinalis, Salvia splendens, Salvia scabra, Salvia nemorosa, Salvia namaensis, Salvia microphylla, Salvia mexicana, Salvia mellifera, Salvia leucantha, Salvia lanceolata, Salvia guaranitica, Salvia greggii, Salvia farinacea, Salvia disermas, Salvia canariensis, Salvia aurea, Salvia apiana, Salvia africana, Salvia sclarea.

Common names: Sage, Garden Sage, Common Sage, Culinary Sage. This species is native to Southern Europe.

They are compact evergreen shrubs that reach 80 cm in height. The leaves are aromatic, elongated, greyish green in color and have a velvety texture. The showy purplish-blue flowers appear in spikes above the leaves. They bloom in spring and summer.

They are used in borders, in rockeries, to cover dry slopes and in pots for balconies, terraces and patios. They are ideal for Mediterranean coastal gardens. The leaves are used as a condiment in cooking.

Salvia officinalis needs full sun or light shade exposure. It resists occasional frosts but does not like intense heat.

They grow in any type of well-drained soil, even poor soils. Planting is done in early spring at the rate of 3 plants per square meter.

Water moderately throughout the year waiting for the substrate to dry. They are sensitive to excess humidity and very resistant to drought.

They do not need fertilizers.

Prune off wilted flower spikes. They accept intense pruning in late winter to strengthen the plant.

They can be attacked by aphids, snails, slugs, and mites.

They are propagated by cuttings in early fall.

Images of the plant Salvia officinalis or Sage

Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis purpurea
 

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