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Care of the plant Syringa vulgaris or Lilac.

Care of the plant Syringa vulgaris or Lilac

The genus Syringa, family Oleaceae, includes 30 species of shrubs and trees native to Europe, China, Turkey and Persia. Some species are: Syringa vulgaris, Syringa emodi, Syringa sweginzowii, Syringa laciniata, Syringa persica, Syringa villosa, Syringa reflexa.

Common names: Common lilac, Lilac, English Lilac, French Lilac. This species is native to the Balkan Peninsula, Europe.

They are shrubs or small deciduous trees that reach 7 meters in height. They have dark or intense green leaves, of opposite arrangement and a heart-shaped-acuminate shape. The flowers meet in conical panicles, they are small, tubular, perfumed and white, purple or lilac. They bloom in spring.

They are used as isolated specimens and to form hedges. They are also grown to extract oil from flowers, and the leaves contain substances that fight malaria; From the bark and the fruits, remedies for fever are prepared.

Syringa vulgaris prefers a semi-shade exposure especially in Mediterranean climates; in cooler climates it can be grown in full sun. They resist frost well.

They do well in normal garden soil that contains organic matter.

They are plants that do not require much care except watering, which we will do 2 or 3 times a week ensuring that the soil is always moist and fresh. They do not resist drought or waterlogging.

Prune faded flowers.

Fertilize every 7 days during flowering (spring) with mineral fertilizer and in autumn with compost or manure.

They are sometimes attacked by caterpillars and leafminer insects.

They are propagated by semi-woody cuttings in summer and by division of lateral shoots.

Images of the plant Syringa vulgaris or Lilac

Syringa vulgaris
Syringa vulgaris
Syringa vulgaris
Syringa vulgaris
Syringa vulgaris
 

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