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Care of the plant Vitis vinifera or Wine grape.

Care of the plant Vitis vinifera or Wine grape

The genus Vitis, family Vitaceae, comprises 60 species of climbing plants native to Asia, Europe and America. Some species are: Vitis vinifera, Vitis vulpina, Vitis aestivalis, Vitis coignetiae, Vitis amurensis.

Common names: Grape, Wine grape, Purpleleaf Grape, Common Grape, Common grape vine. This species is native to the Mediterranean region, Central Europe, and southwestern Asia.

They are deciduous climbing plants that reach 30 meters in length. They have tendrils and leaves of a webbed-cordate shape (3-5 lobes) and serrated edge. The flowers are greenish in color, are scented and appear in hanging panicles. The fruits (grapes) can be of different colors depending on the variety. The harvesting of the grapes is usually done in autumn.

They are used for winemaking and to cover pergolas or create shady areas in patios and gardens. They need supports to climb.

Vitis vinifera can grow in full sun or semi-shade exposure. Resistance to frost and cold depends on the variety grown.

They prefer a soil that contains organic matter, is calcareous and is well drained.

Water frequently in summer waiting for the surface part of the substrate to dry (5 cm). The rest of the year water waiting for the soil to dry out.

Fertilize in late winter with compost or manure and with mineral fertilizer every 20 days in spring and summer.

Prune intensively in late winter to strengthen the plant.

They can be attacked by fungi if there is excess humidity and by insects if they suffer intense drought.

They are propagated from cuttings in spring or summer.

Images of the plant Vitis vinifera or Wine grape

Vitis vinifera
Vitis vinifera
Vitis vinifera
 

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