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Care of the plant Phoenix canariensis or Canary Island Date Palm.

Care of the plant Phoenix canariensis or Canary Island Date Palm

The genus Phoenix, Arecaceae family, includes about 11 species of palm trees native to the Canary Islands, Africa and Asia. Some species are: Phoenix canariensis, Phoenix roebelenii, Phoenix dactylifera, Phoenix theophrasti, Phoenix reclinata, Phoenix sylvestris.

Common names: Canary Island Date Palm, Canary Date Palm, Pineapple Palm, Slender Date Palm. This species is native to the Canary Islands.

They are slow-growing palms that reach 20 meters in height. The long pinnate leaves, up to 7 meters long, have pointed leaflets with a bright green leaf. They produce long curved inflorescences (spades) up to 1 meter long with whitish flowers. The ovoid fruits measure 2 cm in length.

They are used as isolated specimens, in small groups, in public parks and on streets. They are ideal for Mediterranean coastal gardens. Young plants are used in pots as indoor and terrace and patio plants.

The Phoenix canariensis grows in full sun, semi-shade and even shade exposures. They resist frost down to -10 ºC.

They prefer well-drained clay soil but will also grow in sandy and clay soils. Transplant pot every 3 years to renew the substrate.

Water moderately waiting for the substrate to dry. They resist drought and occasional waterlogging.

They do not need fertilizer.

Prune dry leaves that disfigure the plant.

They are plants resistant to the usual pests and diseases.

They are propagated from seeds sown in spring and by separation of suckers that can be produced by the mother plant.

 

Images of the plant Phoenix canariensis or Canary Island Date Palm

Phoenix canariensis
Phoenix canariensis
Phoenix canariensis
Phoenix canariensis
Phoenix canariensis
Phoenix canariensis