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Care of the plant Prunus serrulata or Japanese cherry.

Care of the plant Prunus serrulata or Japanese cherry

The genus Prunus, family Rosaceae, comprises 200 species of trees and shrubs native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Some species are: Prunus serrulata, Prunus dulcis, Prunus cerasifera, Prunus avium, Prunus laurocerasus, Prunus domestica, Prunus mahaleb, Prunus lusitanica, Prunus spinosa, Prunus persica, Prunus armeniaca, Prunus cerasus, Prunus incisa.

Common names: Japanese cherry, East Asian Cherry or Japanese Flowering Cherry. This species is native to Japan, Korea and China.

They are deciduous trees with a shiny brown trunk and erect branches that reach 5 meters in height. The oval leaves are glossy dark green with a serrated margin. The very showy flowers appear before the leaves or at the same time as the leaves and can be white or pink. They bloom in spring. The fruits are small and black.

They are used in rows, in small groups, as isolated specimens and in public parks.

Prunus serrulata grows in full sun (cool-temperate climates) and semi-shade (Mediterranean climates) exposures. They resist frost well.

The soil can be a normal, well-drained garden soil with coarse sand and a little organic matter; they resist calcareous soils.

Water regularly so the substrate never dries out completely. They do not resist drought or waterlogging.

Fertilize with compost or manure in autumn and with mineral fertilizer in early spring.

They should never be pruned.

They are quite resistant plants to the usual pests and diseases.

They are propagated by woody cuttings and by grafting onto wild cherry trees in spring or summer.

Images of the plant Prunus serrulata or Japanese cherry

Prunus serrulata
Prunus serrulata
Prunus serrulata
 

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