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Cuidados de la planta Rosa canina o Rosal silvestre.

Care of the plant Rosa canina or Dog rose

The genus Rosa, family Rosaceae, comprises 100 species of thorny shrubs native to Asia. Some species are: Rosa canina, Rosa banksiae, Rosa damascena, Rosa moschata, Rosa gallica, Rosa californica, Rosa wichuraiana.

Common name: Dog rose. This species is native to Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia.

They are bushy or climbing plants that reach 2-3 meters in height. They have oval, serrated-edged, bright green leaves. The showy flowers can be pink or white and contrast with the foliage. They bloom from late spring to mid-summer. The decorative edible red berries have medicinal properties.

They are used to form hedges, in bushy groups, in undergrowth and in dry areas of the garden. They are ideal for Mediterranean and Atlantic coastal gardens. With the fruits jams, wines and syrups are prepared.

Rosa canina grows in full sun, semi-shade, and shaded exposures. They resist frosts down to -20 ºC and the heat of the Mediterranean summer.

They can grow in poor soils but prefer that they contain organic matter and drain well.

Water regularly, waiting for the surface layer of the substrate to dry (3-4 cm). In winter reduce watering.

Fertilize in autumn with manure or compost and in spring once with mineral fertilizer.

Prune in late winter to strengthen the plant and keep it compact.

They are resistant plants to the usual pests and diseases. Galls may appear on the leaves produced by small wasps but do not affect the health of the plant.

They are propagated from seeds sown in spring previously soaked in warm water for at least 24 hours.

Images of the plant Rosa canina or Dog rose

Rosa canina
Rosa canina
Rosa canina
Rosa canina
 

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