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Care of the plant Melocactus bahiensis or Cactus bahiensis.

Care of the plant Melocactus bahiensis or Cactus bahiensis

The genus Melocactus, family Cactaceae, comprises 40 species of cacti native to Mexico, Cuba, Central and South America. Some species are: Melocactus bahiensis, Melocactus azureus, Melocactus curvispinus, Melocactus oreas, Melocactus conoideus, Melocactus matanzanus, Melocactus deinacanthus, Melocactus schatzlii, Melocactus peruvianus.

Scientific synonyms: Cactus bahiensis. This species is native to Eastern Brazil.

They are very slow-growing cacti with a globular gray-green body that can reach 20 cm in height. They have 10-12 fairly prominent ribs. 7-10 gray radial spines and 1-4 central spines of the same color appear on the whitish areolas. Pink flowers and red fruits appear on the woolly cephalium.

They are used in pots on terraces, balconies, in well-ventilated interiors, in greenhouses, on rockeries, and in cactus and succulent gardens.

Melocactus bahiensis can grow in full sun or semi-shade exposure. It's important that in winter the temperature is not lower than 13 ºC.

The soil can be a mixture of 3/4 of leaf mulch or heather soil and 1/4 of coarse gravel.

Always water moderately at the rate of once every 15 days in spring, every 7-8 days in summer, every 20-25 days in autumn and do not water in winter.

Fertilize in spring with mineral fertilizer for cacti.

They do not need pruning.

If there is no excess of humidity, they do not usually present problems of pests and diseases.

They propagate from seeds sown in spring; it's a simple but slow process.

Images of the plant Melocactus bahiensis or Cactus bahiensis

Melocactus bahiensis
Melocactus bahiensis
 

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