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Care of the plant Ipomoea lobata or Spanish flag.

Care of the plant Ipomoea lobata or Spanish flag

The genus Ipomoea, family Convolvulaceae, comprises 300 species of climbing plants native to America and Africa. Some species are: Ipomoea lobata, Ipomoea indica, Ipomoea cairica, Ipomaea alba, Ipomoea tricolor, Ipomoea purpurea, Ipomoea acuminata, Ipomoea hederacea, Ipomoea coccinea.

Common names: Firecracker vine, Fire vine, Spanish flag. This species is native to Mexico and parts of South America.

They are fast-growing herbaceous climbing plants that reach 5 meters in length. They have deciduous 3-lobed leaves and reddish petioles. The abundant and showy tubular flowers appear in clusters and are red in color; they then turn orange and yellow until they turn whitish before wilting. They bloom throughout the summer and early fall.

They are used as annual indoor plants in temperate climates and to cover pergolas, walls, and gates in tropical and subtropical climates.

The Ipomoea lobata needs a very illuminated exposure without receiving direct sun in the hottest hours of the day. They do not resist the cold below 10 ºC.

They prefer a light, well-drained soil with abundant organic matter; use a substrate for indoor plants with 20% coarse sand. They do not resist transplantation well.

Water frequently so that the soil is always humid but without flooding; they do not withstand drought.

Fertilize in late winter with compost.

Prune withered inflorescences to favor the appearance of more flowers.

If the humidity is low or they suffer from drought, they can be attacked by aphids, mites and mealybugs. If they get too much sun the leaves turn yellowish.

They propagate from seeds sown in spring directly in their final location.

Images of the plant Ipomoea lobata or Spanish flag

Ipomoea lobata
Ipomoea lobata
Ipomoea lobata
 

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