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Care of the plant Eriobotrya japonica or Loquat.

Care of the plant Eriobotrya japonica or Loquat

The genus Eriobotrya, family Rosaceae, comprises 60 species of trees and shrubs native to the Far East. Some species are: Eriobotrya japonica, Eriobotrya deflexa, Eriobotrya grandiflora, Eriobotrya buisanensis.

Common names: Loquat, Japanese plum, Japanese medlar, Chinese plum. This species is native to China.

They are evergreen trees with a rounded crown that reach 5 meters in height. The large, oval, leathery leaves are dark green on the upper surface and light green on the underside. They produce bouquets of scented cream or white flowers. The edible fruit (medlar) is orange and egg-shaped.

They are used as fruit trees and as shade trees in small gardens.

Eriobotrya japonica can be grown in full sun and semi-shade exposures. The humidity must be high. They resist light and occasional frosts.

The soil can be a garden substrate with 15% organic matter and 15% coarse sand. Planting is done in early autumn.

Water regularly waiting for the soil to dry; they resist drought quite well.

Fertilize in autumn with manure and from mid-autumn to late winter use every 15 days with mineral fertilizer.

They do not need pruning.

They are easy to grow trees and resistant to the usual pests and diseases.

They propagate by seeds or by layering.

Images of the plant Eriobotrya japonica or Loquat

Eriobotrya japonica
Eriobotrya japonica
Eriobotrya japonica
Eriobotrya japonica
 

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