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Care of the plant Erica arborea or Tree heather.

Care of the plant Erica arborea or Tree heather

The genus Erica, family Ericaceae, comprises 700 species of shrubs native to Africa, Europe and the Mediterranean region. Some species are: Erica arborea, Erica umbellata, Erica multiflora, Erica hyemalis, Erica gracillis, Erica erigena.

Common names: Tree heather, Tree heath, Giant heather. This species is native to the Mediterranean and North Africa.

They are evergreen shrubs with an erect and compact bearing that reach 5 meters in height. They have small, bright green leaves arranged vertically on the branches. The small flowers appear in terminal spikes, are lightly scented and are pink or white. It blooms in late winter and early spring in Mediterranean regions. The wood is highly valued for making pipes.

These slow-growing plants are used for informal hedges, as isolated specimens and in bushy groups. They combine very well with Retama, Cistus and Arbutus.

Erica arborea can be grown in full sun, semi-shade or shade exposures. They resist occasional frosts.

The soil must be well drained and contain organic matter. They do not tolerate calcareous soils. Transplants or planting are done in spring or fall.

Water moderately, waiting for the substrate to be well dry. They resist drought well.

Fertilize in fall with leaf mulch or compost.

Prune dry branches and wilted flower spikes in late spring.

They are easy to grow plants and resistant to pests and diseases.

They propagate by seeds sown in spring or by cuttings of young shoots in late summer.

Images of the plant Erica arborea or Tree heather

Erica arborea
Erica arborea
Erica arborea
 

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