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Care of the plant Casuarina equisetifolia or Australian pine tree.

Care of the plant Casuarina equisetifolia or Australian pine tree

The genus Casuarina, family Casuarinaceae, includes 15 species of trees native to Australia, Asia, and some islands in the Pacific Ocean. Some species are: Casuarina equisetifolia, Casuarina cunninghamiana, Casuarina teres, Casuarina glauca, Casuarina cristata.

Common names: Australian pine tree, Whistling pine tree or Agoho pine. This species is native to Southeast Asia and northern Australia.

They are large, fast-growing monoecious evergreen trees that reach 30 meters in height. The foliage is made up of thin green branches with tiny scaly leaves. They produce male flowers on spikes and female flowers with short peduncles. The fruits are woody and oval.

They are used as isolated specimens, to fix nitrogen in the soil, fix sandy areas and to create barriers by the sea. They are ideal for Mediterranean coastal gardens.

Casuarina equisetifolia needs full sun exposure and warm temperatures. Resists occasional and light frosts.

They prefer sandy, cool and moist soils that contain organic matter. Planting is done in spring or autumn.

Water regularly, waiting for the substrate to be almost dry; they resist a few days of drought.

They do not need pruning.

They are plants resistant to the usual pests and diseases.

They are easily propagated from seed sown in spring.

Images of the plant Casuarina equisetifolia or Australian pine tree

Casuarina equisetifolia
Casuarina equisetifolia
Casuarina equisetifolia
 

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