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Care of the plant Citrus x aurantium or Bitter orange.

Care of the plant Citrus x aurantium or Bitter orange

The genus Citrus, family Rutaceae, includes shrubs and trees native to Asia, Melanesia and Australia. Some species and hybrids are: Citrus x aurantium, Citrus maxima, Citrus x limon, Citrus reticulata, Citrus x paradisi, Citrus medica, Citrus x sinensis, Citrus micrantha, Citrus glauca.

Common names: Bitter orange, Seville orange, Marmalade orange, Sour orange, Bigarade orange. This species is native to Southeast Asia.

They are evergreen trees with a rounded crown and thorny branches that reach 5-6 meters in height. The leaves are leathery, large and oval-elliptical in shape. The scented flowers are white and appear solitary or in corymbs. They bloom from mid-fall to early spring. The fruits (bitter oranges) are not edible due to the bitter taste but they are used to make jams and with their juice you can marinate meats.

They are used in small and medium gardens, in streets and public parks. They are also used in perfumery and in the pharmaceutical industry.

Citrus aurantium needs full sun or light shade exposure and a warm climate; does not resist frost.

The soil must be light, well drained and contain organic matter.

It requires medium watering, waiting until the substrate has almost dried before watering.

Fertilize with compost or manure in fall and with slow-release mineral fertilizer in winter.

Prune lightly in early fall to maintain a rounded crown.

They are quite resistant to the usual pests and diseases.

They propagate by seeds sown in the nursery, in autumn or winter, by previously soaking them for 48 hours.

Image of the plant Citrus x aurantium or Bitter orange

Citrus aurantium
Citrus aurantium
Citrus aurantium
Citrus aurantium
 

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