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Care of the plant Aspidistra elatior or Cast-iron-plant.

Care of the plant Aspidistra elatior or Cast-iron-plant

The genus Aspidistra, family Asparagaceae, comprises 100 species of rhizomatous herbaceous plants native to East and Southeast Asia. Some species are: Aspidistra elatior, Aspidistra lurida, Aspidistra campanulata, Aspidistra grandiflora, Aspidistra alata.

Common names: Cast-iron-plant, Bar-room plant. This species is native to Japan and Taiwan.

They are evergreen plants with lanceolate leaves 40-50 cm long with a satin dark green color that sprout from rhizomes. There are variegated species, with the leaves stained white, but they are less resistant than the original species.

They are used for interior decoration. They are very interesting plants because they need little care and live in low light. They are ideal for decorating entrances and patios in low light.

Aspidistra elatior needs a shaded exposure because the direct sun makes the leaves turn yellow. If the exposure is too dark, the leaves lose their brightness. If they are grown outdoors, they must be protected from frost.

The ideal soil is a mixture, in equal parts, of peat, garden soil and leaf mulch that retains moisture and provides drainage.

The transplant is done once a year to a slightly larger pot. It can also be planted in the ground.

Water regularly to keep the soil moist but not puddled.

Fertilize once a month in spring and summer with mineral fertilizer if it's located in a bright place; every two months if it is in a gloomy location. Variegated varieties need little fertilization.

These plants can be attacked by mealybugs.

They propagate by division of the adult plant before winter begins.

Images of the plant Aspidistra elatior or Cast-iron-plant

Aspidistra elatior
Aspidistra elatior
Aspidistra elatior
Aspidistra elatior
 

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