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Care of the plant Olea europaea or Olive.

Care of the tree Olea europaea or Olive

The genus Olea, family Oleaceae, comprises 30 species of trees and shrubs native to Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia. Some species are: Olea europaea, Olea sylvestris, Olea capensis, Olea paniculata, Olea laurifolia.

Common name: Olive. This species is native to the Mediterranean Basin.

They are very long-lived trees (more than 1,000 years) of very slow growth that reach 15 meters (49.2 feet) in height. The bright leaves are opposite, perennial, oval in shape and whitish on the underside and dark green on the upper side. White flowers are not decorative. The famous fruits (olives) are harvested in autumn or winter.

They are used for their commercial value (oil, olives), in gardens as isolated specimens, in pots for terraces and as bonsai. It's an ideal tree for Mediterranean gardens.

The Olea europaea needs full sun exposure. They resist high temperatures and occasional frosts.

They grow in any soil that is well drained, even in dry substrate. The planting is done in spring.

Water moderately all year long waiting for the substrate to dry. They resist drought well.

Fertilize in spring with manure.

Prune in late winter to keep it compact and remove dry branches.

They are prone to attack by moths, mealybugs and the olive fly; spray in spring and summer every 20 days with insecticide. If there is excess watering, fungal diseases can appear.

They are propagated from cuttings; they can also be grafted onto Olea europaea subsp. europaea or Olea sylvestris.

Images of the tree Olea europaea or Olive

Olea europaea
Olea europaea
Olea sylvestris
Olea sylvestris