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Care of the plant Ilex mitis or African holly.

Care of the tree Ilex mitis or African holly

The genus Ilex, family Aquifoliaceae, comprises 400 species of trees and shrubs distributed over all continents. Some species are: Ilex mitis, Ilex aquifolium, Ilex canariensis, Ilex brasiliensis, Ilex paraguariensis, Ilex opaca.

Common names: African holly, Cape holly, Wild holly, Water tree. This species is native to South Africa.

They are evergreen dioecious trees with a rounded crown and rapid growth that reach 20 meters (65.6 feet) in height. The leaves are pointed and bright green with wavy margins; when they sprout they are red or purple. They produce small white scented flowers. They bloom in spring. The reddish fruits remain on the plant in autumn and winter.

They are used to form hedges and screens, as isolated specimens, in pots and as a shade tree. They are ideal for Mediterranean coastal gardens and for planting alongside ponds and watercourses.

Ilex mitis prefers full sun exposure and warm weather. They resist light and occasional frosts.

The soil can be normal garden soil with plenty of organic matter. Transplantation is carried out in early spring.

Water regularly so that the substrate never dries out completely. They do not resist drought.

Fertilize at the end of winter with manure or compost.

Prune in late winter if grown as a hedge or to maintain a compact size.

They are plants resistant to the usual pests and diseases.

They are easily propagated from seeds sown in spring in a moist sandy substrate; Dry the seeds before sowing them. 

Images of the tree Ilex mitis or African holly

Ilex mitis
Ilex mitis