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Care of the plant Gaultheria procumbens or American wintergreen.

Care of the shrub Gaultheria procumbens or American wintergreen

The genus Gaultheria, family Ericaceae, comprises 200 species of evergreen shrubs native to Asia, Australasia, and North and South America. Some species are: Gaultheria procumbens, Gaultheria sinensis, Gaultheria shallon, Gaultheria miqueliana, Gaultheria antipoda.

Common names: Eastern teaberry, American wintergreen, Checkerberry, Boxberry. This species is native to northeastern North America.

They are low-growing, slow-growing shrubs that reach 15 cm (5.9") in height. They have bright, lanceolate-oval, alternate leaves with serrated edges. The flowers appear in small clusters and are white or pink in color. They bloom in spring. They produce showy round red fruits.

They are used to form groups under trees (other than shade), bordering paths and in pots for terraces, patios and balconies. They have medicinal properties against cystitis and rheumatism.

The Gaultheria procumbens needs a semi-shade exposure and annual average temperatures of 15-25 ºC (59-77 ºF). They resist frosts down to -15 ºC (5 ºF).

The soil must be well drained and retain some moisture (add peat); they do not tolerate lime. Transplantation or planting is done in early fall or spring.

Water frequently so that the substrate is always wet but never waterlogged.

Fertilize with manure before planting and every fall.

They do not need pruning.

They are very resistant plants to the usual pests and diseases.

They propagate by seeds sown in spring or by cuttings in summer.

Images of the shrub Gaultheria procumbens or American wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens