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Care of the plant Erysimum or Wallflower.

Care of the plant Erysimum or Wallflower

The genus Erysimum, family Brassicaceae, comprises 200 species of annual, biannual and perennial plants native to the Mediterranean region, the Canary Islands, North America and Asia. Some species are: Erysimum bicolor, Erysimum rupestre, Erysimum hybridum, Erysimum alpinum, Erysimum capitatum, Erysimum candicum, Erysimum nevadense, Erysimum scoparium.

Common name: Wallflower.

They are plants very similar to Cheiranthus that have deep green leaves and lanceolate shape. The scented flowers have 4 petals (double in hybrids) and can be of a wide variety of colors. They bloom in spring and summer.

They are used for slopes, rockeries, in pots for terraces and balconies and even for cut flowers.

Erysimum needs full sun exposure and mild temperatures.

They prefer a very well drained soil rich in organic matter. The transplant is done in autumn.

Water moderately throughout the year waiting for the substrate to dry; never flood.

Fertilize with manure at the time of planting and once a year in autumn. Fertilize once a month with mineral fertilizer during the flowering period.

If there is excess moisture they can be attacked by fungi.

They propagate by seeds sown in late winter.

Images of the plant Erysimum or Wallflower

Erysimum candicum
Erysimum candicum
Erysimum hybridum
Erysimum bicolor
Erysimum bicolor
Erysimum bicolor
Erysimum bicolor