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Care of the plant Elaeagnus angustifolia or Russian olive.

Care of the tree Elaeagnus angustifolia or Russian olive

The genus Elaeagnus, family Elaeagnaceae, comprises 100 species of shrubs and trees native to Asia. Some species and hybrids are: Elaeagnus angustifolia, Elaeagnus x ebbingei (hybrid), Elaeagnus x reflexa (hybrid), Elaeagnus pungens, Elaeagnus oxycarpa, Elaeagnus glabra, Elaeagnus commutata.

Common names: Persian olive, Russian olive, Silver berry, Oleaster, Wild olive. This species is native to central Asia.

They are trees with irregular branches and open bearing that reach 10 meters (32.8 feet) in height. They have thorns on the thin branches; the leaves have the entire edge, are alternate and lanceolate in shape. The color of the foliage is silvery green due to the hairs on the leaves. The yellow flowers are interesting for the aroma they give off; they bloom in summer. The edible fruits look like yellowish-red olives.

They are used in gardens to form groups, as isolated specimens and in public streets and parks. They are ideal for gardens by the sea because they resist salinity.

Elaeagnus angustifolia grows in full sun or semi-shade exposures. They resist occasional and light frosts.

They can be grown in any type of soil but prefer cool, light soils.

Water moderately all year round, slightly increasing irrigation in summer; they resist drought well.

They do not need pruning or fertilizers.

They are quite resistant plants to pests and diseases that can be attacked by aphids.

They propagate by cuttings in winter or by seeds sown in early spring.

Images of the tree Elaeagnus angustifolia or Russian olive

Elaeagnus angustifolia
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Elaeagnus angustifolia