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Care of the plant Maytenus canariensis or Peralillo tree.

Care of the tree Maytenus canariensis or Peralillo tree

The genus Maytenus, family Celastraceae, comprises 70 species of trees native to Africa, America and Asia. Some species are: Maytenus canariensis, Maytenus boaria, Maytenus senegalensis, Maytenus cymosa, Maytenus ponceana.

Common name: Peralillo tree. This species is native to the Canary Islands.

They are small trees or highly branched and gnarled shrubs that reach 8 meters (26.24 feet) in height. The leaves are alternate, obovate, with a serrated margin and a bright green color. The flowers are white, small and appear in axillary racemes. They bloom in autumn. The fruits look like small pears that, when ripe, open into three parts to release the seeds.

They are used as isolated specimens (arboreal bearing) or to form groups (shrub bearing). They are ideal for coastal gardens with a Mediterranean climate.

Maytenus canariensis can grow in full sun or semi-shade exposure. In winter the temperature should not be less than 5 ºC (41 ºF).

They can grow in poor, sandy or rocky soils but prefer a well-drained garden substrate that contains organic matter.

Water regularly, waiting for the substrate to be completely dry; they resist a few days of drought.

Fertilize with compost in late winter.

Prune lightly after flowering to maintain a compact appearance.

They are resistant plants to the usual pests and diseases.

They propagate easily from seeds sown in spring in the nursery.

Images of the tree Maytenus canariensis or Peralillo tree

Maytenus canariensis
Maytenus canariensis